Hidden Karen Tribe in Andamans : Culture, Bamboo Crafts, Archery and Folk Songs


The Andaman and Nicobar Islands whisper tales of serenity, where turquoise waters meet emerald jungles. But beneath the surface of this tropical paradise lies a cultural mosaic, each thread a distinct story. In this blog, we unravel the vibrant tapestry of the Karen Tribe people, a community that arrived as laborers and bloomed into a symbol of resilience.

Karen Tribe History: From Myanmar to the Andamans

The Karen, with millions strong in Myanmar (formerly Burma), are one of the country’s largest ethnic minorities. Divided into sub-groups with their own dialects, they share a rich heritage marked by a struggle for recognition. Their history in Myanmar is a testament to their unwavering spirit, a fight for autonomy that continues to this day.

In 1925, a new chapter unfolded for the Karen Tribe. Brought to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as forest workers, they found a new home in the lush embrace of Mayabunder. Choosing to stay after India’s independence, they laid the foundation for Webi village, a vibrant hub of Karen culture.

Karen Tribe Culture: Bamboo art, Dance, and Folk

While information about Karen cultural practices in the Andamans is limited, we can draw insights from their rich heritage in Myanmar.

Bamboo Art: A Sustainable Legacy

Karen communities have a deep appreciation for bamboo, a versatile and sustainable resource. They use it to create a wide range of functional and decorative items, including baskets, utensils, furniture, and even musical instruments. The intricate weaving patterns and intricate designs showcase exceptional craftsmanship.

Dance: Storytelling Through Movement

Dance holds a central place in Karen Tribe culture, often serving as a form of storytelling and social interaction. There are various dance styles, some energetic and celebratory, while others are more graceful and reserved. Costumes are often vibrant and adorned with intricate beadwork and silver ornaments, adding to the visual spectacle.

Folk Songs: Voices of a Community

Folk songs are another vital thread in the Karen cultural tapestry. They encompass a wide range of themes, from love and loss to tales of bravery and community life. Sung in their native dialects, these songs are often accompanied by traditional instruments like bamboo flutes and drums. They serve as a powerful medium for preserving Karen history, traditions, and values.


The Karen community in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a testament to the enduring spirit of human culture. Their journey from the forests of Myanmar to the shores of India is a narrative of perseverance and identity. As they strive for recognition as a Scheduled Tribe, they seek not just legal status but a reaffirmation of their unique cultural identity. The Karen’s bamboo art, dance, and folk songs are not mere performances; they are the living expressions of a community’s soul, echoing through the islands’ lush greenery and resonating with the rhythm of the sea.


  1. How do the Karen people keep their traditions alive?

    The Karen people are known for their beautiful bamboo crafts, vibrant dances that tell stories, and soulful folk songs sung in their native dialects. These traditions are a way to celebrate their history and community life.

  2. What faith do most Karen people in the Andamans practice?

    The Karen people in the Andaman Islands are almost entirely Baptist Protestant Christians.

  3. What language did Karen speak in Andaman?

    The Karen in Andaman likely speak a mix of their own Karen languages (Sgaw Karen most common) and Hindi to communicate with the broader community.

Scroll to Top